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FYI: Resistant Starch
26
Feb
2020

Resistant Starch Composition

 

Resistant starch (RS), also known as anti-enzymatic starch or indigestible starch, cannot be decomposed by enzymes in the small intestine. Although resistant starch's chemical structure is different from fiber, its properties are similar to soluble fibers. Green bananas are high in resistant starch level which acts like fiber during digestion.

Because resistant starch is not digested or absorbed in the small intestine, it does not affect blood glucose levels. Gut health is improved as RS fermentation in the large intestine leads to more good bacteria and less bad bacteria in the gut. Healthy gut bacteria can improve glycemic control so RS is very suitable for diabetes. Other benefits of RS include increased feeling of fullness, treatment and prevention of constipation, decrease in Cholesterol, triglyceride and further lower risk of obesity, diabetes and rectal and colon cancer.

 

Source: British Nutrition Foundation

Resistant Starch Content Indication

Source: British Nutrition Foundation

 

參考文獻:

  • Olvera-Hernandez V, Ble-Castillo JL, Betancur-Ancona D, Acevedo-Fernandez JJ, Castellanos-Ruelas A, Chel-Guerrero L: Effects of modified banana (Musa cavendish) starch on glycemic control and blood pressure in rats with high sucrose diet. Nutricion hospitalaria 2018, 35(3):588-595.
  • Wang Q, Wang P, Xiao Z: Resistant starch prevents tumorigenesis of dimethylhydrazine-induced colon tumors via regulation of an ER stress-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. International journal of molecular medicine 2018, 41(4):1887-1898.
  • Malcomson FC, Willis ND, McCallum I, Xie L, Lagerwaard B, Kelly S, Bradburn DM, Belshaw NJ, Johnson IT, Mathers JC: Non-digestible carbohydrates supplementation increases miR-32 expression in the healthy human colorectal epithelium: A randomized controlled trial. Molecular carcinogenesis 2017, 56(9):2104-2111.
  • Stewart ML, Zimmer JP: Postprandial glucose and insulin response to a high-fiber muffin top containing resistant starch type 4 in healthy adults: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif) 2018, 53:59-

 

 

 

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